And indeed We sent Mûsa (Moses) with Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), and a manifest authority,

To Fir’aun (Pharaoh), Hâmân and Qârûn (Korah), but they called (him): “A sorcerer, a liar!”

Then, when he brought them the Truth from Us, they said: “Kill the sons of those who believe with him and let their women live”, but the plots of disbelievers are nothing but errors!

Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “Leave me to kill Mûsa (Moses), and let him call his Lord (to stop me from killing him)! I fear that he may change your religion, or that he may cause mischief to appear in the land!”

Mûsa (Moses) said: “Verily, I seek refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every arrogant who believes not in the Day of Reckoning!”

And a believing man of Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) family, who hid his faith said: “Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allâh, and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord? And if he is a liar, upon him will be (the sin of) his lie; but if he is telling the truth, then some of that (calamity) wherewith he threatens you will befall on you.” Verily, Allâh guides not one who is a Musrif (a polytheist, or a murderer who shed blood without a right, or those who commit great sins, oppressor, transgressor), a liar!.”

Suratul Ghaafir: 23-28:

 

 

In Saheeh al-Bukhaaree one of the hadeeths Imaam Bukhaaree brings under the Chapter: What the Prophet (ȘallaAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and the Companions confronted from the Polytheists:

Is the hadeeth of Urwa ibn Zubayr who said:

سَأَلْتُ ابْنَ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ

أَخْبِرْنِي بِأَشَدِّ شَيْءٍ صَنَعَهُ الْمُشْرِكُونَ بِالنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ بَيْنَا النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي فِي حِجْرِ الْكَعْبَةِ إِذْ أَقْبَلَ عُقْبَةُ بْنُ أَبِي مُعَيْطٍ فَوَضَعَ ثَوْبَهُ فِي عُنُقِهِ فَخَنَقَهُ خَنْقًا شَدِيدًا فَأَقْبَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَتَّى أَخَذَ بِمَنْكِبِهِ وَدَفَعَهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ

{ أَتَقْتُلُونَ رَجُلًا أَنْ يَقُولَ رَبِّيَ اللَّهُ }

I asked Ibn ‘Amr al-‘As:

‘Tell me of the most severe things which the polytheists [of Makkah] did to the the Prophet (ȘallaAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam)?’

So he said:

‘Once when the Prophet (ȘallaAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was praying in the sanctuary of the Ka’bah; Uqbah ibn Mu’ayt approached him and put his cloth on his neck and he strangled the Prophet (ȘallaAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) with great vigour. Until when Abu Bakr approached, took hold of his shoulder and shoved him away from the Prophet (ȘallaAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), and he [Abu Bakr] said: “Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allâh, and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord?…”[Suratul Ghaafir: 28].

 

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar in Fath ul Baaree -after bringing many related narrations- mentioned:

‘And this story of Abu Bakr has a witness from the hadeeth narrated by al-Bazzaar from the narration of Muhammad ibn ‘Alee from his father [‘Alee ibn Abi Taalib] that he gave a sermon and said: ‘Who is the most brave of all?’

So they replied: ‘You.’

He said: ‘As for me, there is no one who challenged me one-on-one except that I submitted him, but Abu Bakr [is the bravest of all].

Indeed I had seen the Messenger (ȘallaAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) while the [polytheist] Quraysh took hold of him; this one hitting him, and this one closing up on him; while they are saying to him: ‘you make the lords to be one lord?’

By Allaah none of us moved except Abu Bakr: striking this one, and pushing away this one: while he is saying:

‘Woe to you, Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allâh, and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord?

Then ‘Alee wept.

Then he said: ‘I ask you by Allaah is the believing man of Fir’aun’s family better or is Abu Bakr?’

And the congregation was quiet.

Thus ‘Alee said: ‘By Allaah, one hour of Abu Bakrs’ is better than him. That is a man who is hiding his ‘Eeman, while this one is announcing and making apparent his ‘Eeman.’

 

Source: Fath ul Baaree of al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar

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